A Complete List of State Flowers

Unraveling the History and Significance of State Flowers

Nature has always been a source of inspiration, beauty, and symbolism for humanity. Flowers have held a special place in various cultures, representing love, beauty, and emotions. Across the U.S., each state has its own unique identity, and one aspect that reflects this distinctiveness is the state flower. State flowers are not only botanical symbols; they embody the essence of each state's natural beauty, history, and cultural heritage.

The Origins of State Flowers

The tradition of adopting state flowers dates to the 19th and early 20th centuries. As the United States expanded, state legislatures sought to establish distinct emblems to celebrate their individuality and to foster a sense of pride among their citizens. State flowers, like flags and state birds, emerged as a beautiful and unifying way to represent the diversity and splendor of each region's flora.

The process of choosing a state flower often involved public campaigns, petitions, and legislative acts. Several factors influenced these selections, including the flower's native habitat, historical or cultural significance, economic importance, and popular appeal. The Chicago World’s Fair in 1893 spurred states’ commitment to naming a flower when presented with the idea of a national garland.

Let’s look at each state's flower and understand the reasons behind their designation.

  1. Alabama - Camellia (Camellia japonica): Adopted in 1959, the Camellia was chosen for its exquisite beauty and resilience, symbolizing the state's strength and grace through challenging times.
  2. Alaska - Forget-Me-Not (Myosotis alpestris): This delicate blue flower was designated as the state flower in 1917, symbolizing the lasting memory of Alaska's breathtaking landscapes and the indomitable spirit of its people.
  3. Arizona - Saguaro Cactus Blossom (Carnegiea gigantea): Arizona's state flower since 1931, the Saguaro Cactus Blossom, while technically not a traditional flower, is an iconic representation of the state's unique desert environment and the incredible adaptations of its flora and fauna.
  4. Arkansas - Apple Blossom (Malus domestica): Selected in 1901, the Apple Blossom signifies the state's flourishing apple industry and embodies hope, growth, and prosperity.
  5. California - California Poppy (Eschscholzia californica): Adopted in 1903, the vibrant California Poppy symbolizes the state's radiant landscapes and its pursuit of freedom, opportunity, and the California Dream.
  6. Colorado - Rocky Mountain Columbine (Aquilegia caerulea): Since 1899, the Rocky Mountain Columbine has been the floral emblem of Colorado, representing the state's pristine alpine scenery and resilience in harsh mountain environments.
  7. Connecticut - Mountain Laurel (Kalmia latifolia): Chosen in 1907, the Mountain Laurel characterizes Connecticut's picturesque beauty and serves as a reminder of nature's grandeur.
  8. Delaware - Peach Blossom (Prunus persica): Selected in 1895, the Peach Blossom signifies Delaware's bountiful agricultural heritage and the sweetness of its people.
  9. Florida - Orange Blossom (Citrus sinensis): Adopted in 1909, the Orange Blossom celebrates Florida's abundant citrus groves and represents purity, innocence, and eternal love.
  10. Georgia - Cherokee Rose (Rosa laevigata): Designated in 1916, the Cherokee Rose honors Georgia's native people and symbolizes resilience and beauty.
  11. Hawaii - Hawaiian Hibiscus (Hibiscus brackenridgei): Chosen in 1988, the Hawaiian Hibiscus showcases the state's stunning tropical landscapes and embodies delicate beauty.
  12. Idaho - Syringa (Philadelphus lewisii): Adopted in 1931, the Syringa, also known as Mock Orange, symbolizes the state's scenic wilderness and its commitment to growth.
  13. Illinois - Violet (Viola sororia): Designated in 1908, the Violet is a representation of Illinois' native wildflowers and its rich botanical heritage.
  14. Indiana - Peony (Paeonia): Chosen in 1957, the Peony signifies Indiana's horticultural prowess and its aspiration for prosperity and wellbeing.
  15. Iowa - Wild Rose (Rosa arkansana): Adopted in 1897, the Wild Rose epitomizes the state's natural beauty and echoes its motto, "Our liberties we prize, and our rights we will maintain."
  16. Kansas - Sunflower (Helianthus annuus): Kansas proudly embraced the Sunflower as its state flower in 1903. This towering flower symbolizes the state's bright future and sunflower fields that stretch as far as the eye can see.
  17. Kentucky - Goldenrod (Solidago altissima): Kentucky adopted the Goldenrod as its state flower in 1926. This cheerful yellow bloom represents the state's fields and prairies.
  18. Louisiana - Magnolia (Magnolia): The Magnolia became the state flower of Louisiana in 1900, paying tribute to the grandeur and elegance of this beautiful evergreen tree.
  19. Maine - White Pine Cone and Tassel (Pinus strobus): Maine designated the White Pine Cone and Tassel as its state flower in 1895. The choice honors the significance of the pine industry and the state's abundant forests.
  20. Maryland - Black-Eyed Susan (Rudbeckia hirta): Chosen in 1918, the Black-Eyed Susan represents Maryland's stunning landscapes and resilience.
  21. Massachusetts - Mayflower (Epigaea repens): The Mayflower was designated as Massachusetts' state flower in 1918. This delicate and sweet-scented flower symbolizes the Pilgrims' arrival and the enduring spirit of the early settlers.
  22. Michigan - Apple Blossom (Malus domestica): In 1897, Michigan adopted the Apple Blossom as its state flower, reflecting the state's thriving apple industry.
  23. Minnesota - Pink and White Lady's Slipper (Cypripedium reginae): Minnesota declared the Pink and White Lady's Slipper as its state flower in 1902. This rare and beautiful orchid is protected and cherished for its unique appearance.
  24. Mississippi - Magnolia (Magnolia): The Magnolia was chosen as Mississippi's state flower in 1952, symbolizing the state's natural beauty and hospitality.
  25. Missouri - Hawthorn (Crataegus): Missouri adopted the Hawthorn as its state flower in 1923, acknowledging the abundance of this tree in the state's landscapes.
  26. Montana - Bitterroot (Lewisia rediviva): Montana declared the Bitterroot as its state flower in 1895. This delicate pink flower represents strength, beauty, and resilience.
  27. Nebraska - Goldenrod (Solidago gigantea): In 1895, Nebraska adopted the Goldenrod as its state flower. This cheerful yellow bloom symbolizes the state's abundant prairies.
  28. Nevada - Sagebrush (Artemisia tridentata): While not technically a flower, the Sagebrush became Nevada's state flower in 1959. It symbolizes the state's vast desert landscapes and natural resources.
  29. New Hampshire - Purple Lilac (Syringa vulgaris): The Purple Lilac was designated as New Hampshire's state flower in 1919. The choice reflects the beauty of the state's gardens and the fragrant lilac blooms that thrive there.
  30. New Jersey - Violet (Viola sororia): New Jersey adopted the Violet as its state flower in 1971. This lovely flower symbolizes modesty and virtue.
  31. New Mexico - Yucca Flower (Yucca): The Yucca Flower became the state flower of New Mexico in 1927, representing the state's arid landscape and native culture.
  32. New York - Rose (Rosa): New York chose the Rose as its state flower in 1955. This classic and elegant flower symbolizes love, beauty, and unity.
  33. North Carolina - Dogwood (Cornus): The Dogwood was declared as North Carolina's state flower in 1941, reflecting its widespread presence in the state's woodlands.
  34. North Dakota - Wild Prairie Rose (Rosa blanda): North Dakota adopted the Wild Prairie Rose as its state flower in 1907, honoring the beauty and tenacity of this native rose.
  35. Ohio - Red Carnation (Dianthus caryophyllus): In 1904, Ohio designated the Red Carnation as its state flower, representing the state's rich horticultural history.
  36. Oklahoma - Oklahoma Rose (Rosa): Chosen in 2004, the Oklahoma Rose symbolizes the state's deep connection to agriculture and horticulture.
  37. Oregon - Oregon Grape (Mahonia aquifolium): Oregon declared the Oregon Grape as its state flower in 1899. This beautiful evergreen shrub represents the state's rugged landscapes and native flora.
  38. Pennsylvania - Mountain Laurel (Kalmia latifolia): In 1933, Pennsylvania designated the Mountain Laurel as its state flower, symbolizing the state's natural beauty and heritage.
  39. Rhode Island - Violet (Viola sororia): Rhode Island adopted the Violet as its state flower in 1968, signifying the state's modest charm.
  40. South Carolina - Yellow Jessamine (Gelsemium sempervirens): The Yellow Jessamine became South Carolina's state flower in 1924. This golden bloom represents the state's warmth and hospitality.
  41. South Dakota - American Pasqueflower (Pulsatilla hirsutissima): South Dakota adopted the American Pasqueflower as its state flower in 1903. This resilient early spring flower symbolizes renewal and rebirth.
  42. Tennessee - Iris (Iris germanica): The Iris was designated as Tennessee's state flower in 1933. This elegant flower represents strength and vitality.
  43. Texas - Bluebonnet (Lupinus texensis): Texas proudly adopted the Bluebonnet as its state flower in 1901. The bluebonnets blanket the landscapes of Texas, symbolizing the state's wild beauty.
  44. Utah - Sego Lily (Calochortus nuttallii): Utah declared the Sego Lily as its state flower in 1911. This lovely flower was historically significant to Native American tribes and represents peace and serenity.
  45. Vermont - Red Clover (Trifolium pratense): The Red Clover was chosen as Vermont's state flower in 1894. This charming bloom symbolizes the state's agricultural heritage and lush landscapes.
  46. Virginia - American Dogwood (Cornus florida): In 1918, Virginia adopted the American Dogwood as its state flower. This beautiful tree symbolizes the state's natural beauty and vitality.
  47. Washington - Coast Rhododendron (Rhododendron macrophyllum): Washington declared the Coast Rhododendron as its state flower in 1959. This majestic flower represents the state's breathtaking landscapes.
  48. West Virginia - Rhododendron (Rhododendron maximum): West Virginia embraced the Rhododendron as its state flower in 1903. This stunning bloom represents the state's wild beauty and diversity.
  49. Wisconsin - Wood Violet (Viola papilionacea): Wisconsin adopted the Wood Violet as its state flower in 1909. This delicate flower symbolizes the state's woodlands and natural charm.
  50. Wyoming - Indian Paintbrush (Castilleja linariifolia): Wyoming chose the Indian Paintbrush as its state flower in 1917. This striking wildflower represents the state's vivid landscapes and native flora.


The diverse array of state flowers in the United States weaves a tapestry of natural beauty, cultural significance, and historical heritage. These floral emblems encapsulate the essence of each state, reflecting its unique landscapes, economic contributions, and regional identity. The tradition of designating state flowers serves as a reminder of the importance of nature's beauty in fostering a sense of pride and unity among the citizens of the nation. As we continue to cherish and protect these floral treasures, we are reminded of the interconnectedness between nature and human society, and the significance of preserving our natural heritage for generations to come.

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