Bougainvillea, also commonly called Paper Flower, is native to South America and named for the French navigator de Bougainville (1729-1811). The botanical name of this hybrid plant is Bougainvillea X buttiana c.v.
Bougainvillea are vigorous growing subtropical plants which may be grown outdoors in frost-free climates, elsewhere grow indoors or in a protected area when frosts may occur. The vibrant color comes from the bracts (modified leaves) which surround the insignificant, small cream colored flowers. They are borne in warm climates from March through October and beyond. Individual bracts may last on the plant for three or more week if growing conditions are good.
In order to bloom, bougainvillea need at least four hours of direct sunlight every day during the active growth period, and they must have bright light at other times.
Normal room temperatures are suitable during the active growth period. In the winter rest period they should be kept cool-but not below 50ºF.
Water actively growing plants moderately, giving enough to moisten the mixture thoroughly; allow the top two-thirds to dry out between watering. Amounts should be drastically reduced as the rest period approaches, and the mixture should just be kept from drying out during the winter rest.
Begin applications of standard liquid fertilizer as soon as growth starts in early spring, and continue once every two weeks throughout the flowering period.
Use a packaged potting mix for houseplant for repotting Bougainvillea. Move young plants into pots one size larger in early spring. Older plants growing in the maximum convenient pot size - around 8 inches - should be topdressed with fresh potting mixture.
Bougainvillea often will lose some or all of their leaves for a short period in winter. When conditions are not right for them indoors, leaf loss is likely to occur at any time.
Plant material such as this product should not be eaten. While most plants are harmless, some contain toxins.